When Christian missionaries were attempting to convert the pagan Latvians, they chose the name of the sky God, Dievs , to represent the Christian God. It is still used in this meaning to the present day. However, in Latvian tradition this symbol originally represented the sky, conceived of as a roof over the earth.
Note that the second version of the Dievs (God) sign shown below has a Saule (Sun) sign inside it; the Sun sign is discussed immediately below:
The symbol for the sun is the most enduring image found in Latvian decorative arts, not surprisingly since it is the symbol of perpetual life. It is often incorporated into jewellery design, as well as textile design and embroidery. It is considered lucky to wear this symbol.
Sacred forests were the domain of Pērkons. These forests were always those of predominantly oak trees, the groves of which were fenced off either naturally or by man. The tall oak trees symbolized the god.
Pērkons' connection with fire from lightning is evident in the folk songs, which dictate an ever-burning fire for the god, constantly fed by oak logs. If the fire happened to go out, it had to be restarted with oak, ceremoniously struck with grey fieldstones.
The sign of Pērkons, called the Sign of Fire (ugunsraksts) or the Thunder Cross ( pērkonkrusts), symbolizes light, fire, life, health, and prosperity. The symbol is a development of crossed lightning bolts. It is also known as the swastika, but note that this symbol was used for thousands of years before the Nazi's blackened its significance.
Mēness' power in battle became a symbol for warriors, who wore his symbols (Moon signs) for protection. The Moon Sign has been found on men's bracelets dating back to the Iron Age. Sword embellishments also boasted Moon Signs, as did pendants and pins.